Title: Rapid Reaction, Slow Dissociation Aggregation, and Synergetic Multicolor Emission for Imaging the Restriction and Regulation of Biosynthesis of Cys and GSH
Author: Huming Yan, Fangjun Huo, Yongkang Yue, Jianbin Chao, Caixia Yin
Issue&Volume: December 24, 2020
Abstract: Biosynthesis is a necessary process to maintain life. In recent years, research has fully shown that three kinds of biothiols (Cys, Hcy, GSH) mainly play the role in oxidative stress and maintaining cell homeostasis in cells, and that abnormal concentrations will lead to the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases, cancers, etc. Various fluorescent probes have shown unprecedented advantages in detecting their concentrations and studying their biological functions. As a matter of fact, these three kinds of biothiols are generated in the process of biosynthesis in vivo. It is of great significance to understand their biosynthetic pathways and elucidate their synthetic relationships. In this work, to α,β-unsaturated ketones conjugated ethylenediamine coumarin and pyrandione was introduced boron fluoride and, through its strong electron deficiency effect, afforded a molecule having near-infrared emission and regulated the rigidity of molecules. At the same time, the conjugated double bond is used to respond to molecular rigidity. The rapid response of the probe to biothiols and the slow dissociation aggregation of the probe itself through the response environment could monitor the absence of biothiols in cells. In addition, based on the difference in sensitivity of response of Cys and GSH to the probe, this work studied the interaction between biosynthetic pathways of Cys and GSH in cells through enzyme inhibition for the first time. The relationship of restriction and regulation of biosynthesis in vivo was revealed.